The Annual Ashura Procession Australia is a procession held every year, since 2004, to remember and promote Imam Hussain and his legacy. The various guides and aims of the event are stated in the sub-headings below. Through his reform, Imam Hussain paved the path for human unity by helping those who were oppressed. The process of bringing people together to remember him in turn fulfils this great vision.
Aims of the Procession
- To reflect and announce the legacy of Imam Hussain.
- To promote Imam Mahdi’s message of world peace and harmony.
- To unite people from various regions and background.
- To reject any act of terror in Australia or elsewhere.
The Annual Ashura Procession in Australia is guided by the following principles:
- Religious supervision is under His Eminence Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammad Hussein Al-Ansari.
- Our intentions are only to get closer to Allah, remember and promote the cause of Imam Hussain (as)
- We will not promote in any way the name or cause of any individual, political party, mosque, centre, organisation, business, association etc except Imam Hussain (as).
- We will not work to make a profit, but any donations people may provide shall be spent in the organisation and promotion of the Annual Ashura Procession.
- Anyone is welcome to join committee meetings from any mosque, centre, association, group or representing themselves individually (all Shia centres have been invited and will be invited every year).
- All those involved in organising, participating or promoting the Annual Ashura Procession agree to act within the Australian law and the ethics of our religion as well as cooperate with organisers and authorities on the day
This is not a protest! It is:
- A peace walk
- A Commemoration of a figure who was massacred along with his family for denying to submit to tyranny.
- He asked to be exiled but instead they chose to massacre him.
People are beating their chests at the procession because it is:
- Cultural expressions of commemoration
- A Parade of Commemoration where you can see how every culture expresses grief in different ways
- Observe Afghani, Iraqi, Pakistani expressions for instance.
- Commemoration of Ashura is a central Islamic event, expressions of grief vary across cultures.
Imam Hussain was:
- The Grandson of the Prophet Mohammad.
- Denied to pay allegiance to the tyrant Umayyad Caliph at the time: Yazid who was falsefully killing and oppressing the innocents in the name of “Islam.”
- He offered to be exiled but the Caliphate declined and he was encircled in Karbala and faced with a force of 30,000 who killed him along with his companions and all male members of the family including an infant child.
- The rest of the women and children were humiliated, tortured and taken as captives for thousands of miles to the Palace of Yazid in Damascus.
- Thus Imām Hussains stance was against terrorism as it existed then and as it has appeared again now.
- Through this peace procession we strongly condemn and oppose any act of terror in Australia or elsewhere
Ashura is an annual day of morning on the 10th day of Muharram (the first month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar). It is an annual event which marks the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (the prophets grandson) in 680AD in Karbala Iraq, for refusing to submit to the tyranny of the Caliph at the time Yazid.
We remember Imam Hussain (as) through the often practiced medium of a procession because it is an effective means to spread awareness about Imam Hussain (as), his cause and his sacrifice for mankind. The movement of people in a coordinated and synchronised manner attracts the attention of any onlookers because it gives the impression that something is happening, something that cannot be achieved by simply standing in one spot. We want onlookers to question what that something is and in doing so whet their appetite for why we are holding the procession. The Ashura Procession comprising of thousands of people from various ethnic backgrounds all wearing black adds to the curiosity in people’s minds as to what is going on and why.
Holding a public assembly (as has been suggested by many) is definitely one way of remembering the tragedy of Karbala, but taking it a step further and holding a procession is a more effective way of spreading awareness to the community at large. In holding and participating in the procession attendees are mirroring an honoured tradition of walking from one’s home to Karbala on the day of Ashura. This is a way for people in the community to connect to Imam Hussain’s (as) sister, Sayedda Zainab (as), feel her pain and remember her long journey as a captive from Karbala to Damascus.
Finally, on this point it is worthwhile to consider that the notion of a procession is not exclusive to those who practice Ashura Processions, it has been utilised as a powerful tool by countless groups around the world – consider the various military, ethnic, social, political, special interest groups, minority groups, sporting and ceremonial events. In these instances we see people walking as a collective for a cause they believe in and celebrate/commemorate while promoting awareness and knowledge to the wider community – the Ashura Procession is no different.
The Ashura Procession aims to unite people from various backgrounds to spread the message of Imam Hussain (as), the message which reached its zenith on the day of Ashura. This day (Ashura) has a special significance to millions across the globe, it has become the day that everyone reignites and spreads the message of Karbala and Imam Hussain (as). That is why the procession is held on the day of Ashura. It is held in the morning as opposed to in the afternoon primarily because Imam Hussain (as) was martyred just after afternoon prayers.
Why does the procession occur some years on the day of Ashura and others one day before or after the day of Ashura?
While our intention is to have the procession on the day of Ashura, it may not always work out based on constraints imposed on the procession. There have been many reasons over the years for this. In accordance with local, state and federal laws we must notify all relevant authorities about the details of our Procession and this can often mean that we are at their mercy. Such authorities may place limitations on us in many ways. Our intention is to work with all authorities to achieve the best outcome for the procession and meet all our aims and objections.
Another reason is that due to the nature of the Islamic Calendar (a lunar based system) there occurs uncertainty as to the exact Gregorian date of the 10th day of Ashura, and that can cause some time constraints. A Procession of this magnitude takes months to prepare, yet we may only know the date for certain 10 days before it occurs.
The Sydney CBD is a central place in the heart of one of the biggest cities in Australia. One of our objectives in this Procession is the dissemination of the message of Imam Hussain (as). An effective way to achieve this objective is to hold our Procession in an area that will cause the greatest impact to the wider community, and grab the attention of the entire city, if not the world, especially where tourists and the media are concerned.
There are several ways the message is spread:
- Flyers that discuss the message of Imam Hussain (as) are handed out to onlookers
- Attendees often converse with onlookers to discuss why the procession is held, and answer any questions the public have
- Media are invited and a media statement is distributed to each and every media outlet via fax/email
- Interviews are conducted before, during and after the procession with media – whether it be radio, TV, online or newspapers.
- Several banners are displayed during the procession, with the main banner carrying the overarching message we intend to communicate
- A speech is made at the conclusion of the procession in English to further spread the message to the wider public
- We refer people to our website for further information – www.ashura.com.au and encourage the wider public to subsbcribe to our facebook page as well http://www.facebook.com/ashuraaustralia
We encourage any and all Shia mosques, centres or associations to participate in helping to plan the Ashura Procession. We have, are and will continue to run the Ashura Procession with an open door policy – anyone from any centre, mosque, ethnicity, denomination, background, and religion is invited to take part in helping to plan and run the Ashura Procession.
The most common language used is English. Most things including our chants are in English, the speech, the brochures and banners. While the main strength of the Procession is its visual boldness, the main message is relayed and can be read in English.
While we do have chants in Arabic, English and Urdo, non-English aspects are small in number and generally won’t be heard by the masses. The ultimate aim is also to spread the message, which is why we need to focus on English, the official language of Australia.
We use synchronised chants and main speakers in order to partially control the audibility, tone and content of our chants. The Police have always said that our Procession is safe, secure and well organised. They further add that it is the most peaceful Procession that they oversee.
We embrace the diversity of the participants of the procession who span a plethora of rich ethnic backgrounds and cultures. Multi-cultural gathering and people have slight variation in how they practice the remembrance. The majority of the chanting is soft and synchronised. Chest beating will leave memory and will raise questions in people’s minds as to why they do this. This cultural expression of emotion leaves a lasting and deep impression in people’s minds.
Our marshals, all of whom receive training, are co-ordinated so as to maintain peace and order within the crowd. All our marshals wear safety vests and have set tasks to perform. There is a code of conduct and a great amount of training for each group.
Ladies are at front primarily because we want to show Australia and the world that we hold women in high regard in our families, homes, community and society. They are our sisters, mothers, friends, colleagues. The status of women in Islam and especially during the events of Karbala is best symbolised by having the ladies in front of the procession, leading the procession.